Vitruvian Fairy

Grammar Sticky

Now that I have a lot of the basics of the grammar figured out, I'm going to start making a series of posts going over it all and link them to a sticky post (if I can figure out how to do that). This will make it easier to look up specific aspects of the language and help me crystalize the concepts and work out the kinks.

So for those who've been following this blog, bear with me. I'm going to be restating a lot of what I've already been over.

Phonemics and Romanization / Stress
Gender / Gender and Vowels / Gender and Consonants
Direct Objects / Indirect Objects
Adjectives and Fort-Shifting
Word Order / Topicalization
Yes/No Questions / Question Words
Tense Marking Nouns
Tense Structure: Tier 1 / Tier 2 / Tier 3
Verbs and Intention (Further Explanation) / Other Verb Forms / Cause to be
Relative Clauses: Part 1 / Part 2 / Part 3
Passive Voice
Using Numbers / History of Numbers

Core Vocabulary
People / Animals / Immediate Family
Basic Verbs / Come and Go, Give and Take
Cardinal Numbers / Ordinal Numbers
Around the House
Weather / The Seasons
Vitruvian Fairy

Adjectives and Fort-Shifting (Updated)

Adjectives are formed by replacing the gendered vowel of a noun with y and suffixing CV, where V is the gendered vowel, and C is the final consonant after a process of fortition and/or shifting, or fort-shifting as I call it.

The rules of fort-shifting are as follows:

 photo FairyLang-AdjectiveFortShifting-Chart.gif

- all Rs, Ls, and N become D, except in fairy or angelic gender, in which they become T

- M becomes B, except in fairy or angelic gender, in which it becomes P

- J becomes G, except in demonic gender, in which case it becomes Q

cara (friend) -> caryda (friendly)
dasu (mouse) -> dasytu (mousy)
pan (woman) -> pynda (feminine, womanly)
tan (man) -> tynda (masculine, manly)
vo (demon) -> vybo (demonic)
Vitruvian Fairy

Further Explanation of Verb Mood

I previously described the neutral form of verbs as, "intentional," but they should really be called, "neutral/intentional/expected." This mood covers actions done on purpose, as well as unsurprising events with no intentionality one way or another, or who's intentionality is unimportant.

The "unintentional" form is more accurately, "unintentional/unexpected." It covers accidents and surprises, particularly (though not necessarily) unpleasant surprises.

The "attempted" form implies that the action is either unseccessful or of undetermined success. It can be used to express either failure or uncertainty.

For example, when would you use each form with a verb like meli (to love)?

Let's say you meet a girl. She's pretty, she's got a great sense of humor, she shares some of your interests, and you fall in love with her. You would use the neutral/intentional form, because while you weren't intentionally trying to fall in love, it's not a surprising or unwelcome event.

Now, if you were to fall in love with your best friend's girlfriend, you would use the unintentional/unexpected form, because it's something you don't want to happen and may even be actively trying to prevent.

On the other hand if you were to meet someone who you did not consider your type, but end up falling for them anyway, you might still use the unintentional/unexpected form, because it's a surprise, albeit a pleasant one.

The attempted form would be appropriate to use, for example, with regards to a cantankerous or ne'er-do-well family member or friend who makes it very difficult to love them.
Vitruvian Fairy

Cause to Be

nin verb, neutral
to cause to be

The thing being acted upon (being cause to be something) takes direct object marking. There usually has to be an indirect object to make a complete sentence.

Nin miyn dyrte ar takh me-past cake-dir.obj at roof
I caused the cake to be on the roof

When the object is being made to be something, or to possess some quality, that object takes the preposition sy (of, regarding).

Nin miyn mvambaro sy jafu me-past vampire-dir.obj of ash
I made the vampire into ashes

Nin niyn valsa yb wyn sy valu you-past hair-dir.obj of me of beauty
You made my hair beautiful (note the use of a noun instead of an adjective)

And when an object is being made to DO something, a relativizer na is used.

Nin naltie myn na pelmi music-past me rel dance
The music made me dance

Nin can be suffixed to intransitive verbs to turn them into transitive verbs, or to some transitive verbs to change the direction of the action.

khashi (to burn) -> khashanin (to set fire to)
buchi (to fall) -> bachunin (to cause to fall)
tafris (to fear, be afraid of) -> tafrasnin (to scare, make afraid)
ilnub (to know) -> ulnabnin (to teach a fact, cause to know)
Vitruvian Fairy

Relative Clauses: Part 3

When a relative clause has more than one noun phrase, it must end with a verb, even if that verb is ni.

Tafris myn ndaru na ar takh yr zhasharu ni.
Fear me wolf-dir.obj rel at roof near chimney is.
I'm afraid of the wolf that is on the roof, near the chimney.

Relative clauses can be nested. Each one starts with na and follows all the same rules of word order.


mysu na ar lapa yr namar ni
cat rel at table near door is
the cat that is on the table, near the door
i.e. describes the cat as being both on the table and near the door.

mysu na ar lapa na yr namar
cat rel at table rel near door
the cat that is on the table near the door
i.e. describes the cat as being on the table and the table as being near the door.
Vitruvian Fairy

Relative Clauses: Part 2

When the verb of a relative clause is something other than ni, it goes AFTER the noun phrase(s), at the end of the clause.


Ilugan mysiu ar abad. Shyltin miyn mysu.
Vomit cat-past at floor. Scold I-past cat-dir.obj.
The cat vomited on the floor. I scolded the cat.

Shyltin miyn mysu na ar iabad ilugan.
Scold I-past cat-dir.obj rel at floor-past vomit.
I scolded the cat that had vomited on the floor.

P.S. It occurs to me that my choices of example sentences reveal a lot about what my daily life is like. Mostly references to food, cats, and cleaning up after cats.