Vitruvian Fairy

Relative Clauses: Part 1

The particle na marks the start of a relative clause. The noun preceeding it is the subject of that clause. Na is often roughly translated as "that is/was/will be".

The simplest form of relative clause consists of a single noun phrase following the particle. The verb is assumed to be ni (to be, do), and the noun can be tense marked to indicate former, current, or future states, relative to the subject.

banu na vamale
woman(pres) rel lover(dir.obj-pres)
the woman who is my lover

banu na vamalie
woman(pres) rel lover(dir.obj-past)
the woman who used to be my lover

banu na vamalei
woman(pres) rel lover(dir.obj-fut)
the woman who is going to be my lover

tyrtie na ar lapa
cake(past) rel at table(pres)
the cake that was on the table

tyrtie na ar lapia
cake(past) rel at table(past)
the cake that had been on the table

tyrtie na ar lapai
cake(past) rel at table(fut)
the cake that was going to be on the table
Vitruvian Fairy

Reexamining Na

I've realized that the particle na basically marks the beginning of a simple relative clause. I'm going to be revising/rewriting some grammar entries to reflect that, and expanding na's usage by adding rules for more complex relative clauses.
Vitruvian Fairy

Question Words

fad who
khad what
rad where
adrad to where
agrad from where
yl when
ashad why
shata how

Question words go at the start of a sentence, before the verb. In the cases of fad (who) and khad (what), the noun in they represent in the sentence is either replaced by mas (said), or left out, if the meaning is clear without it.

Adrad shin nyn?
To-where go you?
Where are you going to?

Khad isan nas mas? or Khad isan nas?
What eat you said? or What eat you?
What are you eating?

Fad ikhun mias dyrte?
Who bake said(past) cake(dir obj)?
Who baked the cake?
In this case, if mas is dropped, the sentence will lose its tense marking, but if it would be understood in context without it, it can still be dropped.

When asking what someone or something is doing, use the pattern khad nwinya yf (actor) (other objects).

Khad nwinya yf wysu sy barkhu?
What doing by cat of dog?
What's the cat doing to the dog?
Vitruvian Fairy


usham cloud
eshym fog, mist
echys rain
uchas hard rain, downpour
shyra snow
fythen breeze
vasun wind

khuf hot
hef warm
cheth cool
jus cold

Rather than saying, "It's raining," or "it's sunny," like in English, the phrasing is, "rain is falling," and "sun is shining."

zhi zalu the sun is shining
buchi echys a light rain is falling
buchi uchas a heavy rain is falling
buchi shyra snow is falling
nib eshym fog is sitting (i.e. there is fog sitting on the ground, it's foggy)
fasra bu ushammwa the sky is with clouds (i.e. there are clouds in the sky)
(ni) khalydu fasra bu ushammwa the sky is fat with clouds (i.e. is it overcast)
fethin fythen a breeze is blowing
vusin vasun a wind is blowing

lu khuf the day is hot
fasa hef the air is warm
fythen cheth the breeze is cool
le jus the night is cold
Vitruvian Fairy

Happy New Year!

Last day of the year, and I haven't reached my 1,000 word vocabulary goal. I only got up to 616, but I've fleshed out the grammar quite a bit.

In the coming year, I hope to continue to fill out the blanks in the grammar, build up the vocabulary, translate some more stories, and make some videos.
Vitruvian Fairy

The Seasons

efyl spring
ushakh summer
janchu fall
chwle winter

rakh tide, turn of events, moment of change, especially in cyclical or repeating events

rakh sy zalu solstice, lit: sun tide
rakh sy ushakh summer solstice, lit: summer tide
rakh sy chwle winter solstice, lit: winter tide

rakh cynfydje sy chwle joyous winter tide
Vitruvian Fairy

Using Numbers

FairyLang has a base 12 number system. See Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers for the names of all the numbers.

When reciting multi-digit numbers, either the highest or lowest digit can come first. For example, 123* can be either:

malad chwlam nyl 100, 20, 3
nyl chwlam malad 3, 20, 100

Multi-digit ordinal numbers are the same. Either order is acceptable. Only the last digit recited uses the ordinal variant. So 123rd can be either:

malad chwlam nylda 100, 20, 3rd
nyl chwlam malydja 3, 20, 100th

Fractions are expressed with the preposition yb (of, usually expressing possession). The order is always numerator then denominator, and the denominator undergoes an initial consonant lenition.

mal yb shwl one of two (one half)
chwl yb yyl two of three (two thirds)
nyl yb khal three of four (three quarters)

* 123 is equivalent to 171 in base 10.
Vitruvian Fairy

Core Vocab: Ordinal Numbers

malda 1st
chwlda 2nd
nylda 3rd
calda 4th
fwlda 5th
sylda 6th
mashta 7th
tyshta 8th
nyshta 9th
cashta Ath (10th)
fwshta Bth (11th)

malymba 10th (12th)
chwlymba 20th (24th)
nylymba 30th (36th)
calymba 40th (48th)
fwlymba 50th (60th)
sylymba 60th (72nd)
mashymba 70th (84th)
tyshymba 80th (96th)
nyshymba 90th (108th)
cashymba A0th (120th)
fwshymba B0th (132nd)

malydja 100th (144th)

syshta last
Vitruvian Fairy

History of FairyLang Numbers

In times long past, the fae had a base 6 number system, which they counted on their fingers, using one hand for the ones digits and the other for the 10s digits. The numbers were:

sysh 0

mal 1
twl 2
nyl 3
cal 4
fwl 5

malam 10 (6)
twlam 20 (12)
nylam 30 (18)
calam 40 (24)
fwlam 50 (30)

malad 100 (36)

Eventually, as the fae needed to count to higher numbers, and finger counting became secondary to spoken and written counting and math, they expanded their number system to base 12. A couple minor sound changes later, their numbers were:

sysh 0

mal 1
chwl 2
nyl 3
cal 4
fwl 5
syl 6
mash 7
tysh 8
nysh 9
cash A (10)
fwsh B (11)

malam 10 (12)
chwlam 20 (24)
nylam 30 (36)
calam 40 (48)
fwlam 50 (60)
sylam 60 (72)
masham 70 (84)
tysham 80 (96)
nysham 90 (108)
casham A0 (120)
fwsham B0 (132)

malad 100 (144)